(Castelford, Royaume-Uni 1898 - Much Hadham, Royaume-Uni, 1986)
Born in England in a family of miners, Henry Moore was a soldier in the north of France during the First World War.
Having a real gift for sculpture, he studied at the Leeds School of Art and then at the Royal College London from 1920 to 1924. His first exhibition, organized in 1928, blends art first and primitive art. His approach is to bring out 'the truth of the material' by sculpting directly in wood or stone.
In 1933 he co-founded Unit One, which brings together artists and architects interested in either constructivism or surrealism. He participates in the international exhibition of surrealism in London.
During the Second World War, Henry Moore made a series of drawings on refugees crammed into London subway shelters. In 1948, he received the Sculpture Grand Prix of the Venice Biennial.
The post-war period marks the beginning of the teaching for Henry Moore who trains sculptors in his studio in London. He creates individual or group characters, carves wood, stone and makes bronze prints.
Recognized sculptor, he carries out many public commissions. Working on the relationship between art and nature and wishing to create a privileged link between the work and its environment, he integrates his monumental sculptures in nature.
He created the Henri Moore Foundation in 1972 to promote the popularization of art and to preserve his sculptures. The foundation now operates a gallery and museum at the Henry Moore workshops in Hoglands Park Southampton, England.
His monumental sculptures, abstract works and human silhouettes are known around the world.