(Nantes, 1883 - Paris, 1956)
Jean Dominique Antony Metzinger was born on June 24, 1883.
He was an important member of the Cubist movement, with whom he collaborated to define its foundations. Metzinger wrote "Du cubisme" with Albert Gleizes, an important essay that established the theories and foundations of the movement, in addition to other writings he wrote on his contemporaries and modern painting. Metzinger spent his childhood in Nantes before moving to Paris at the age of 20 to work as a painter. While trying to support himself, he met other artists such as Robert Delaunay and Raoul Dufy. The avant-garde innovations of the Fauves and Neo-Impressionists greatly influenced Metzinger, especially the works of Georges Seurat. However, it was his relationship with Pablo Picasso that led him to move towards the Cubist style. He even wrote an article on Picasso's approach to movement.
Through his connections, the artist became a member of the Section d'or group, known as the Puteaux group, a collective of cubists that became famous following their exhibition at the Salon des Indépendants in 1911.
By 1912, Metzinger was considered one of the main proponents of the Cubist style and began to write extensively on the subject. His idea that a Cubist work rejects traditional views of a subject, favoring multiple perspectives of an object to depict its reality, is essential to understanding the movement, as Cubists seek deep meanings in their geometric compositions. The media used by the Golden Section changed dramatically after World War I. Many artists modified their styles to reflect the De Stijl, Futurist and then Dadaist movements.
Jean Metzinger obtained a position at the Académie de la Palette and later at the Arenius Academy. Numerous exhibitions reflect the success of the painter, who is now adored all over the world.
In the 1920s, Metzinger temporarily broke away from Cubism. Until 1943, the artist lived in Bandol in Provence and then returned to Paris, where he was given a teaching position for three years at the Académie Frochot in 1950.
Metzinger continued to paint and died in Paris on November 3, 1956.